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The study investigated the determinants of academic performance of undergraduate students of distance learning centre, University of Ibadan, Oyo state, Nigeria. The methods used include descriptive statistics, cross tabulation, correlation analysis, ordinary least square (OLS) regression and probit regression.The result of ordinary least squareOLS regression showed that home factor, school factor, work factor and religion factor are the factors that determine the academic performance of University of Ibadan distance learning students but home factor, work factor and religion factor exert a positive significant impact on academic performance of University of Ibadan distance learning students (ß1 = 0.1473604, p = 0.078; ß3 = 0.1488303, p = 0.071 &ß4 = 0.2043724, p = 0.049) while school factorexert a negative significant impact on University of Ibadan distance learning students (ß2 = -0.192849, p = 0.095). Also, the probit regression result showed that home factor, work factor, religion factor, management factor, peers group factor and caregivers’ factor are the factors that determine the academic performance of University of Ibadan distance learning students but work factor, religion factor, management factor and caregivers’ factor exert a positive significant impact on academic performance of University of Ibadan distance learning students (ß3 = 2.0499, p = 0.000; ß4 = 1.1501, p = 0.012; ß5 = 0.5809, p = 0.000 &ß8 = 2.2194, p = 0.000) while home factor and peer group factor exert a negative significant impact on University of Ibadan distance learning students (ß1 = -1.6998, p = 0.000 &ß6 = -1.0382, p = 0.160).The study recommended that distance learning Centre (DLC) students should not allow their work to intervene with their academic performance. They should create time for both their work and their academic so that both will not affect each other. Students of DLC should not allow their religion to affect their performance in school. Since majority of students under the DLC programme are working class, the management should put this into consideration for their students to perform very well.
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