Education of Deaf Learners through Open Schooling System in India

Main Article Content

Rajiv Kumar Singh
Sukanta Kumar Mahapatra

Abstract

The main challenges for education of disabled learners are identifying and serving these learners in India and raising the quality of education for them. While inclusion of children with disabilities into mainstream education has been challenging due to various policy constraints and gaps in implementation, the paper discusses how National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS), India has designed various educational programmes to achieve the three important principles of education policy viz., access, equity and quality. Apart from it’s in-built flexibilities offered by NIOS, wherein learners are provided with due flexibilities and opportunities to learn at their own pace and place to every group of learners through use of Media and ICT support both in academic and evaluation system, NIOS has also developed mechanism of providing learning material in Indian Sign Language at secondary level(10th class) and orienting parents and learners through Indian Sign language dictionary. The paper also raises the debate of importance of advocacy and collaboration with various deaf enabled organisation to promote the education of deaf and hard-of-hearing learners in the country.

Article Details

How to Cite
Singh, R. K., & Mahapatra, S. K. (2019). Education of Deaf Learners through Open Schooling System in India. Asian Journal of Distance Education, 14(2), 26-31. Retrieved from http://www.asianjde.org/ojs/index.php/AsianJDE/article/view/420
Section
Articles

References

Bhattacharya, T. (2010a). Re-examining the issue of inclusion in education. Economic and Political Weekly, XLV (16), 18-25.
Bhattacharya, T. (2010b). Education of students with disabilities: An evaluation of the Indian educational policies. Invited paper presented at the International EDICT (ENABLING ACCESS TO EDUCATION THROUGH ICT) conference. New Delhi.
Bhattacharya, T., Fan, H. R., Gillen, J., Mathew, S., Panda, S., Papen, U., Zeshan, U. (2017, Nov 8). Policy Report on “Peer to Peer Deaf Literacy” (P2PDL). Preston: University of Central Lancashire
Government of India (1968). National Policy on Education. New Delhi: Ministry of Human Resources Development.
Government of India (1968). National Policy on Education. New Delhi: Ministry of Human Resource Development.
Government of India (1992). National Policy on Education 1986, as modified in 1992, Programme of Action, 1992. New Delhi: Ministry of Human Resource Development.
Government of India. (1996). the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995. New Delhi: Ministry of Law and Justice and Company Affairs, Government of India.
Government of India. (2009). The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, (2009): in the Extraordinary Gazette of India. New Delhi: Ministry of Law and Justice.

Mahapatra, S. K. (2016). Accessibility and Quality Education of Persons with Disabilities in India: An Open Schooling Perspective. Pan-Commonwealth Forum 8 (PCF8). Kualalampur, Malaysia: Commonwealth of Learning (COL) and Open University Malaysia (OUM).
NCERT. (2016, July 29). Evaluation of the Implementation of the Scheme IEDSS in India. Retrieved from http://www.ncert.nic.in/departments/nie/degsn/pdf_files/fp3.pdf
Randhwa, S. P. (2005). A status study of special needs schools for the Deaf and identification of intervention areas. Roorkee: Indian Institute of Technology.
National Institute of Open Schooling (2018). NIOS Profile. NOIDA: NIOS.
Surinder P.K. Randhwa, N. G. (2014). People’s Linguistic Survey of India: Indian Sign Language. Vol. 38. New Delhi: Orient Blackswan.
Zeshan, U., Huhua Fan, R., Gillen, J., Panda, S., Papen, U., Tusting, K. P., Webster, J. (2016). (2016). Summary Report on "Literacy development with deaf communities using sign language, peer tuition, and learner-generated online content: sustainable educational innovation”. Preston: University of Central Lancashire.